Are wine, chocolate, coffee: forbidden joys?

By Thomas F Lüscher
Taken directly from the European Heart Journal.

Well, wine is truly a joy, but at best neutral when consumed in moderation. Chocolate is a joy for our CV system, if consumed in dark, bitter form. And coffee? It wakes us up, less so, if you drink it regularly, and at that dose of up to 4 cups a day, might even be protective.

Cardiovascular effects of wine, coffee, and chocolate: protective effects are shown in green and harmful effects in red colour. DCM, dilated cardiomyopathy.

Read the full article:

Thomas F Lüscher, Wine, chocolate, and coffee: forbidden joys?, European Heart Journal, 2021;,ehab654,